Imagine you need brain surgery. Your doctor says you need to find a brain doctor who knows what he's doing because whatever he does, it's going to be permanent. You could get an infection, have a horrible reaction, be left with a hideous scar across your forehead for life, or even possibly die, IF you don't find a good doctor.
Do you go online to find your brain surgeon by googling "Brain surgeon's near me" and just go to the closest one?
Or do you take the time to research the options available online? Do you dig deep and find a doctor that went to school and has spent years opening up people's heads? Or do you go with the cheapest and closest one?
Then why would you do that with your tattoo?
Oh it's not brain surgery right? So? It's your body and it's permanent. It can scar you, harm you, infect you with something, leave a hideous image on your skin for life, or possibly kill you, IF you don't find a good tattoo studio and artist.
You know they use needles and pierce the skin to add ink under the layers to make sure it's permanent, right? If someone is going to poke you and make you bleed, shouldn't that someone know what they're doing?
I went to google and looked everywhere for an existing article or blog post about choosing a tattoo studio and I got so mad at what I found, that I threw my phone. I couldn't believe that people were actually saying stuff like...
"don't pick a disgusting tattoo studio"
"find a good artist"
as actual advice for people trying to figure out how to choose a place they could trust to get a tattoo.
I couldn't allow for people to think those words were actual advice for anyone. It bothered me so much that I decided to write this post!
J-Ryze used to have an amazing link on his old website with all this incredible information but for some reason the website no longer exists.
I dug around online and found a bunch of information to re-write for you. Yes you, the newbie or the seasoned tattooed pro. It doesn't matter, this information will help anyone who is interested in getting a tattoo.
11 Point Checklist Before Choosing a Tattoo Studio
1. Go inside the shop and use your eyes to look around, it’s easy enough to tell if the shop is clean.
2. Talk to the artist. Have they taken a course designed for tattoo artists and piercers in the prevention of blood-borne pathogens?
3. Check inside the tattooing area. Any furniture that comes into direct contact with a client should have a water proof barrier between the client and the surface that is changed between clients.
4. Watch the artist give another tattoo. Are they putting inks into individual cups before use and then discarded afterwards?
5. Does the artist open the needles in front of the client and dispose of them after every client?
6. Ask to talk to the artist that you are considering. Is it someone you are comfortable enough with? You need to be able to communicate with the artist if something makes you uncomfortable, if you feel sick, etc. There's nothing worse than going into a studio and talking to someone who acts like they are put out by you asking questions or acts like it’s a chore to help you out. That means they're not the artist for you.
7. Check out the portfolios that are on display. This will give you an idea of the work you can expect from the artist. Make sure the work meets your standards.
8. You don’t really want to pick the cheapest place. If a place seems a lot cheaper than every other shop you look into, they are bound to be cutting corners somewhere.
9. Do not go to someone who tattoos out of their home because they can give you a good deal because you are really putting yourself at risk. Sterility can not be guaranteed under these circumstances. Autoclaves are expensive and a lot of home tattooists believe that you can properly sterilize something with boiling water on the stove. This isn’t true.
10. Ask about aftercare. How do they want you take care of your tattoo? Some artists will tell you to use inferior body lotion or to wrap it in plastic wrap for an extended period. Basic first aid states these are bad ideas as both run a high risk of trapping bacteria and giving it a nice home to grow in. Common sense should tell you that an infected tattoo is a bad idea, especially when MSRA (antibiotic resistant staph) is very common.
11. Is the shop licensed? Do your homework and find out what those regulations are. Yes, there are some studios that will set up shop without getting licensed.
‘Scratcher’ or Artist
There is a large difference between skill sets & practices
The scratcher is an untrained tattooist who may be artistically gifted but rarely bothers sterilizing his instruments. The scratcher may work out of a studio, but often works from his home, a basement or the back room of a bar. They may describe themselves as freelancer. A scratcher often purchases equipment through the Internet or email. The worst thing about a scratcher is their tendency to reuse needles which of course can lead to fatal diseases such as hepatitis or AIDS.
In a category somewhere between the crappy practices of the scratcher and the brightly lit sanitary studio of professional tattoo artists are the artists that just don’t have any artistic talent.
Their tattoos are badly executed, the outlines uneven, the colors unattractive and their drawing perspective is out of proportion. If a tattoo artist’s works seems ill thought out or lacks a pleasant composition then trust your instincts and stay away.
Unfortunately we live in a day and age where tattooing could literally be the death of a customer if proper procedures are not strictly carried out.
So it's not brain surgery per se but it could still kill you, if you pick the wrong place or artist.
Needles and equipment must be properly sterilized, cross-contamination and strict sterilization techniques must be adhered to, or disease can spread as quickly. Blood-born pathogens do kill tattoo clients. If you think all that you need to get a tattoo is a needle and some ink…think again! Before you choose the tattoo artist, you need to make an inner decision that you are not going to settle for banal, boring or sloppy work. There is too much talent on the market for you to walk away with a badly drawn or splotchy looking tattoo.
Your Responsibility Of Choice
It is your ultimate responsibility to choose an artist who has the cleanliness of a surgeon and the talent of Leonardo da Vinci!
This means investing some money and sometimes it means traveling to another city to get the tattoo that you want. You need to decide that this expense of time and energy is worth it. If you're going to do it then you need to decide that it's an investment in what is a permanent work of art.
The only way to properly assess a tattoo artist is to see examples of his or her work. They should have a portfolio that is signed or watermarked in some way. The portfolio should consist of photographs of work that they have done. You can also visit the shop or studio and ask if you can watch the artist in action. One good reason to do this is to establish the verity of the artist’s portfolio. Unfortunately anyone can put up examples of tattoos on their walls and then claim authorship of the work.
Another way to find a good tattoo artist is to walk up to someone, whose tattoo you admire, and ask him or her who did the work. They will be the first to recommend the artist if the tattooist is good. Make sure you them questions to find out the cost of the tattoo as well as the hygienic conditions of the shop. In this case, strangers are likely to give you better advice than your friends.
The problem with a friend is that they may be a “friend of a friend” of the tattooist and not be familiar with the tattooist’s artistic or business reputation at all.
Industry and cultural magazines are also a good source of information about tattoos. The intent of most of these magazines is to weed out the scratchers from the fine artists and showcase the best of the best.
Don’t Expect A Master In All Styles
Like most artists, tattoo artists have their own specific styles that they excel at and styles that they are not so good at.
For example, if you want a realistic portrait of Marilyn Monroe on your arm, don’t seek out an artist that specializes in reproducing lurid cartoons.
When it comes to tattooing, you are the art director and you are selecting the talent to realize your dream. Some tattoo artists are better at fine line tattoos than others, others have a knack for the rhythms and designs associated with primitive work and some are better at flowers than flaming skulls. Usually you can tell by looking at the artist’s in-shop photo-album whether or not they excel at colorful traditional work or the fine shadings that create photo-realism.
Most tattooists have a great deal of enthusiasm for their work and are willing to “get into the spirit” with you when it comes to arriving at the style and size of tattoo that is best for you. If the artist has suggestions about size and color, listen to the voice of experience. They may simply know what looks best or they may be trying to subtly tell you something about the limitations of their own talent.
Respect Your Artist
Treat your tattoo artist with respect, always. Don’t try to be a “back seat” artist and annoy him or her with impulsive creative suggestions. Of course, this is not going to happen if you and the artist have mutually agreed on an appropriate design in the first place.
Cost is a Factor
If you can't afford a tattoo, then accept your circumstances
Although a tattoo is priceless, it is also a form of “beauty treatment.” You wouldn’t allow a bad hairdresser to butcher your hair, so don’t let an affordable tattoo artist brand you for life with an image that you might hate.
As with any product, the cost of a tattoo varies from artist to artist. Popular or award winning artists will always charge more than inexperienced artists.
The cheapest tattoo is a flash or stock tattoo. These are the designs that you find hanging on the walls of the studio. Artists usually charge a flat rate for their flash designs, but this, of course is dependent on the size of the design and the amount of color that is used to saturate it. In general you can expect to pay between $100 and $200 USD for a tattoo that is about two by two square inches.
For custom work, most artists usually charge by the hour.
It is highly recommended that you bring your template or design with you so that the artist can give you an accurate estimation of how long the work will take. Rates for custom tattoos go anywhere from $150 and $600 USD an hour. Although price doesn’t always dictate the excellence of the artist, you are probably best ensured to receive a tattoo that you are satisfied with by choosing an artist that charges $300 an hour or more.
Applying a tattoo involves a lot more than just creating a pretty picture.
A professional artist is an artist, a technician and a crafts person. Selecting the artist who is going to apply your tattoo is the most important decision that you will have to make, so make sure the artist is part-doctor, part artist.
Make sure you take the time to really look at the artist’s work.
Do the lines of the tattoos look shaky or feathery?
Do the circles look like circles and squares like squares?
What about the coloring?
Are the colors blended well to create even forms of shading, dimension, and depth?
Do any of the tattoos look swollen, faded, bleary or out of proportion?
Trust your own artistic eye when it comes to this, as despite all of the promises or excuses that explain inferior work, your tattoo will probably resemble what is in the artist’s portfolio in the end.
Tattooing can be considered to be a form of invasive surgery because it involves bonding color through to base layer of your skin. The more translucent outer layer of the skin grows over this layer, once the tattoo has healed.
When a tattoo “fails” it is usually because the ink was placed too deeply into the skin where bodily fluids can cause the tattoo to spread and lose definition. If the tattoo is not impressed deeply enough into the skin, the tattoo may fade or completely disappear. You also might want to find out if the artist is abiding by city or state laws and what certifications and licenses are required to legally tattoo in your city and state. If the artist cannot produce this certification than don’t risk it.
Assessing the Artist’s Practice
If the tattoo studio does not look as clean as your doctor or dentist's office than walk right out of the door!
Bad places to get tattooed are in someone’s kitchen, a local bar, in the bleachers at a racetrack or at a county fair. This is because sterile conditions cannot be met in certain environments.
Watching the artist in action is also highly recommended, as everything that is used to apply the tattoo should be sterilized or disposable.
For instance, the artist should not be dipping his needle into a large plastic jug of ink. The ink should be poured into a disposable container that is intended for use with just one customer. You might also want to observe how the tattooist is applying ointments and Vaseline.
The tattooist should also use disposable sterile gloves. If he or she is using bare fingers then you are vulnerable to infection and disease. New sterile needles should also be used for every tattoo.
All non-disposable equipment should be sterilized after each use with an autoclave. Ultra-sonic cleaning does not sterilize equipment. It should only be used as a method of cleaning the equipment before it’s placed into the autoclave. Make sure you question the artist to make sure that he or she is in possession of an FDA regulating auto-clave. Dunking equipment in a tub of rubbing alcohol is not enough to sterilize tattooing equipment.
Some artists will use roll-on deodorant to create a darker impression of the transfer copy on your skin before they begin the tattoo. Although this is a very effective method of transferring a stock tattoo to the skin, keep in mind that the deodorant may have been used on another client’s skin. The deodorant should be wiped onto a tissue, and then tissue the tissue should be used to place the deodorant on your skin.
You also might want to ask the artist if he or she is vaccinated for Hepatitis B. Never just take anyone’s word for it. Do they have proof? Can they show you a doctor’s record proving they were vaccinated? The hepatitis vaccination is a series of three shots given over a four-month period of time. It’s not something that’s going to just slip someone’s mind. Getting a hepatitis shot is “an affair to remember.”
Unfortunately, mandatory testing for hepatitis B is not required before an artist can pick up a needle. For ultimate safety, make sure that you are vaccinated before you receive a new tattoo.
Ten Signs You’re At The Right Studio
1. The artist provides samples of previous work. Never select an artist who can not produce some kind of portfolio. A photo album of tattoos done on living skin should be provided for you to look at in the studio. An artistic display of stock tattoos on the walls is not enough to tell you that the artist has a good reputation.
2. The artist lives in a disposable universe. Nothing that that the tattoo artist uses should ever be placed back into a container. This includes ointment, ink and water. Usually these substances have been in contact with your blood plasma. This increases the risk of the spread of infection to you and others. Ink should always be placed in ink caps, which are tiny cups used to hold just enough color that is needed to tattoo you. This ink should never be returned to a bottle or a jar.
3. The studio possesses an autoclave certificate. An autoclave is an electric sterilization unit that resembles a steel pressure cooker. It is used by doctors to sterilize medical equipment. In order for equipment to be sterilized it must sit n the autoclave at a temperature of 246 degrees for at least thirty minutes. Just being in possession of an autoclave does not guarantee that it is in use. Ask if the artist possesses a recent autoclave certificate that shows that the unit is regularly tested and in use by the operators of the business. If the tattoo artist gives you any “attitude” or is evasive with regards to the use of the autoclave or tries to pass off an ultra-sonic cleaner as a sterilization equipment then head for the front door.
4. The studio uses new and sterile needles. New sterile needles are always removed from a pouch called an autoclave bag. The needles should not be removed from this pouch until your tattoo work is in progress. Each autoclave needle bag usually boasts a small label called a “sterile confirmation” label along with the name of the manufacturer. If you do not see this label on the bag or if your needles are sitting outside the bag, then the artist may be reusing materials. New needles are bright silver in color. If needles appear stained, brownish or dulled then stop the procedure.
5. The artists wear sterile gloves. Fingers spread germs to raw, freshly tattooed skin faster than anything else. For this reason the tattooist should always wear standard medical gloves. The gloves should not have holes or tears in them and fit the artist properly. It only takes a pinhole in the latex glove to increase the risk of cross contamination.
6. The artist disposes of needles in a sharps container. A Sharps container is a plastic container, usually red, with a biohazard symbol on the outside. You also see these containers that are labeled “hazardous waste” in dental and doctor offices. Used needles, and anything else contaminated and not scheduled for autoclave sterilization should be placed in these containers and removed in a timely manner.
7. The artist has a license to practice. Most States (USA specific), require a tattoo artist to have some kind of license before they can touch anyone with a needle. Check the laws in your state to make sure that you are dealing with a licensed practitioner.
8. The artist is trained and certified. Unfortunately, there isn’t any kind of official certification given to tattoo artists that complete their education. Tattooing is an tradition that is usually passed down through generations through an apprenticeship. However most tattoo artists will be able to produce proof that a well-known tattoo artist has trained them in safe and hygienic practices.
9. The studio is clean and well lit. Although most tattoo studios are kind of Goth looking, complete with black lights and loud stereo music, this doesn’t mean the place is dirty. What matters most is that the “surgical” area looks spic and span and is well lit with halogen lights.
10. You and the artist click. You must revere and respect the tattoo artist and he or she must revere and respect you. You do not have to become best friends, however this is a situation where you should not be subjected to any kind of humiliation, sarcasm or displays of artistic temperament. Behaviors that fall into the category of displays of artistic temperament include anger, giddiness, and a reluctance to stick to schedule and inviting you to get high or drunk. A tattoo artist should also not consider him or herself to be too hip to conduct themselves in the civil and courteous manner that is usually associated with good business practices.
Thank you to all the shitty blog posts and articles out there on the internet for inspiring me to re-write this in-depth article on finding the right tattoo studio and artist. It's much appreciated. Now please remove your crappy articles off the internet. Thank you. LOL!
For those of you looking for even more information on choosing a tattoo or how to give meaning to a crappy tattoo, please check out our Tattoo Primer that I also re-wrote that was inspired by J-Ryze's original article.